Why is a chicken wearing trousers?

Repeated images of a postage stamp depicting a chicken wearing trousers on a shield, with the title 'HENSBROEK', a town in the Netherlands.

The inclusion of an image of a chicken wearing trousers is one of the more surprising aspects of Richard Beale’s mathematical notebook.

As usual with stories that go viral on the internet, conspiracy theories have already sprung up. Is it really a chicken? Is it really wearing trousers? Why do the trousers appear to be solid like Wallaces’s trousers in The Wrong Trousers (which features a penguin masquerading as a chicken)? Was Richard Beale acquainted with the town of Hensbroek in the Netherlands? Or was he into heraldry?

Let’s take these one by one.

Image of a chicken in trousers drawn on a piece of paper

It certainly looks like a chicken. It looks like it’s wearing trousers, but they also appear to be transparent (which is an unusual look). The link with Wallace and Gromit is unproven, although the recurring dog bears very little resemblance to the title character.

An animation of a penguin wearing a red rubber glove on its head.

So what about Hensbroek?

This all has to do with coats of arms – hence the heraldry question. The arms of Hensbroek are a famous example of ‘canting’, which uses a pun on a name to inspire the design. The arms of Hensbroek are a famous example, as this blog post points out. The origin of the town’s name seems to have little to do with chickens or trousers, but its literal meaning is ‘hen’s pants’. An enterprising mayor used this to create the canting arms and put the town on the map. You can read even more here on Reddit

A photograph of a clocktower, building and treeline with the coat of arms of Hensbroek in the top right corner. The coat of arms is a chicken wearing trousers.
Hensbroek, churchtower by Michielverbeek. CC BY-SA 4.0.

Canting is still used in heraldry. The arms of Princess Beatrice of York are a good example, featuring as they do the motif of three bees (be-a-trice). The arms of Maryland and of Theodore Roosevelt also employ canting. Perhaps most famous of all is the use of a bear as the symbol of Berlin.

It seems unlikely that 13 year old Richard had been to the Netherlands, especially with the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War being on at the time. But it is possible that he knew about canting arms.

Or maybe he just had a vivid imagination.

Written by Guy Baxter, Associate Director – Archive Services
A coat of arms depicting two rams either side of a blue shield.
Reading’s own coat of arms reference the town’s past as a centre for the wool trade, its abbey, the royal palace and the resting place of Henry I.

Why not sign up to our newsletter?

Use the form below to select the newsletters you would like to receive!

Share This Post :

One thought on “Why is a chicken wearing trousers?”

  1. With regard to Richard Beale’s sketch: The chicken’s trousers aren’t transparent. Young Mr. Beale would have been unfamiliar with modern fly-front trousers and would have worn fall-front breeches (where the whole front of the garment opens up) instead. Those lines are the sides of the fall front, not the bird’s legs.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

  • Visit us

    Visit Us

    The Museum is now fully open, following a major redevelopment, supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

    Free Admission

    The Museum of English Rural Life

    University of Reading

    Redlands Road


    RG1 5EX

    Plan my visit